Word Order: Sentence Structure

The typical phrase order in Globasa is Subject-Verb-Object.

Direct Object Marker

Other than S-V-O, Globasa allows two other options with the subject always preceding the verb: S-O-V and O-S-V.  This flexible phrase order is made possible using the direct object marker el, which essentially functions as a preposition. As illustrated below, el is used with S-O-V and O-S-V, which are typically only used in poetry and song lyrics.

  • Patre mwa matre. - (S-V-O) The father kisses the mother.

  • Patre el matre mwa. - (S-O-V) The father kisses the mother.

  • El matre patre mwa. - (O-S-V) The father kisses the mother.

Note: In ordinary language, the word order O-S-V is allowed within a relative clause with the omission of the direct object marker el

Etymology of el: Korean (을 “eul”)

Indirect Object

The indirect object is always marked with the preposition cel (to, for).

Mi gibe kitabu cel nini.
I give the book to the child. 

Mi gibe cel nini kitabu.

I give the child the book. 

Mi gibe kitabu cel te.
I give the book to her/him.

Mi gibe cel te kitabu.

I give her/him the book.

Mi gibe to cel nini.

I give it to the child. 

Mi gibe to cel te. 

I give it to her/him.



Globasa uses the verb is (be), known as the copula, to link a subject with a noun phrase or with a prepositional phrase:


Since adjectives are also used as verbs, is is not used for linking the subject to an adjective phrase. 

Elefan bala.
The elephant is strong.

Maux lile.
The mouse is small.

Uma velosi.
The horse is fast.


The verb hay is used to express there is/are.

Hay kalamu per mesa.

There is a pen on the table.

The verb hay is also used in sentences such as the following:

Hay barix.
"There is rain."
It's raining. 

Hay garmeya.
"There is heat."
It's warm. (With regards to the temperature in a given environment.)


The conjunction ki introduces a complementizer clause.


In Globasa, word order remains intact in all interrogative sentences.

Yusu name is keto?
"Your name is what?"
What is your name?


Yu kepul?
"You are how?"
How are you?


Parti okur ke loka?
"The party happens where?"
Where is the party happening?


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