Globasa Course: Lessons 11 - 20

Lesson 11

New words in this lesson:

or - or

ogar - home, place of residence, live (reside)

loga - speak, talk

Engli - England
Espani - Spain
Nipon - Japan
Franse - France
Turki - Turkey
Usa - United States of America
Mexiko - Mexico

Barate - India

Cungwo - China

Rusi - Russia

Masri - Egypt

Brazil - Brazil

dexa - country

basa - language

-sa - (suffix) language

-li - (suffix) of, relating to

 

Notes

​Suffix -sa

Many languages are derived from words denoting countries by adding -sa (basa - language)

 

Fill in the blanks below: 

English: Englisa
Spanish: __________

Japanese: _________

French: _________

Turkish: _________

Russian: __________

Suffix -li

One of the suffixes used in Globasa for deriving adjectives from nouns is -li. It roughly means of, or relating to.

 

Fill in the blanks below:
 

English tea: Englili cay
Spanish rice: __________  __________

Japanese tree: _________  __________

French bread: _________  __________

Turkish coffee: _________  __________
American movie: _________  __________
Mexican music: _________  __________

Suffix -yen

As seen previously, the suffix -yen is used to denote people.

 

Fill in the blanks below:

an Englishman or an Englishwoman: Engliyen

a Spaniard: _______________

a Japanese: _______________

a Frenchman or a Frenchwoman: ______________

a Turk: ______________

an American: _______________

Lesson Activity

Here are example sentences in Globasa:

Yu ogar ke loka?

"You reside what place?"
Where do you live?

Mi ogar in Usa.
I live in the U.S.

Yu loga ke basa?
"You speak what language(s)?"
What language(s) do you speak?

Kam yu loga Fransesa or Turkisa?
Do you speak French or Turkish?

Mi loga Espanisa ji Globasa.
I speak Spanish and Globasa.

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.

Lesson 12

New words in this lesson:

kwanti - quantity

ke kwanti (di) - how much, what quantity (of) 

gelas (di) - glass (of)

fenjan (di) - cup (of)

milko - milk
bira - beer

vino - wine

​mumu - ox (bull/cow)
kuku - fowl (hen/rooster)
swini - pig, swine 

ovo - egg

pesa - money

kari - buy

dolar - dollar
kima - cost

kufi - enough, sufficient

-so - (suffix) meat

Notes

Suffix -so

The suffix -so (maso - meat) is used to derive words for the different kinds of meat.

 

Fill in the blanks below:
 

chicken: _______________
beef: _______________
pork: _______________

fish (meat): _______________

Lesson Activity

Here are example sentences in Globasa:

Pingo kima ke kwanti (di pesa)? 

"The apples cost what quantity (of money)?"
How much do the apples cost?

 

Ovo kima care dolar.

Eggs cost four dollars.

Misu mama no kari swiniso.
My mom doesn't buy pork.

Kam yu suki Mexikoli bira. 
Do you like Mexican beer?

Mediciyen glu gelas di vino.

The doctor is drinking a glass of wine.

 

Create your own sentences using the example above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.

Lesson 13

New words in this lesson:

kamisa - shirt

pantalun - pants

fustan - dress
esketi - skirt
sepato - shoe
dukan - store

lebas - clothes, wear

wole - want
haja - need

-pul - (adj/adv suffix) "-ful"/"-ous"
xohrapul - famous

     xohra - fame
humorpul - funny, humorous
     humor - humor

sabarpul - patient
     sabar - patience

xantipul - peaceful

     xanti - peace

xowpul - spectacular
     xow - show

Notes

Numbers

Fill in the blanks below:

11: des un
12: _____  _____
13: _____  _____

14: _____  _____

15: _____ _____
16: _____  _____

17: _____  _____

18: _____ _____
19: _____ _____
 

20: duades
30: __________

40: __________
50: __________

60: __________

70: __________
80: __________
90: __________

-pul

The suffix -pul (pule - full) is used to derive adjectives from nouns. It is a general descriptive suffix roughly equivalent to the suffixes -ful ("full of") and -ous ("having") in English.

Fill in the blanks below:

grateful: _______________
costly, expensive: _______________

rich: _______________

Lesson Activity

Here are example sentences in Globasa:

Femixu lebas meli fustan.

The woman wears a beautiful dress.

Mi wole na kari kamisa.

I want to buy a shirt.

Den sepato kimapul.

Those shoes are expensive.

Lalayen xohrapul.
The singer is famous.

Create your own sentences using the example above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.

Lesson 14

New words in this lesson:

kepul - like what, how (question word which asks to describe the object or action)

maxim - the most
minim - the least

of - off (of), (out) of, from

bimar - sick
seha - healthy

asan - easy

katina - difficult

muhim - important

sahi - correct

gale - wrong, incorrect

insan - human (being), people

fale - do, make
abil - can, be able to 

musi - must

Notes

kepul

The question word kepul asks the listener/reader to describe the object or action. Like all question words, it is used in the same spot where the answer to the question would be. 

Example 1:

Bwaw kepul?

How is the dog? or What is the dog like? 

 

Although the question above is ambiguous, the context of the conversation will typically make the question clear. 


Bwaw kox.

The dog is happy. 

 

Example 2:

 

Yu hare kepul ergo?

What is the job that you have like? or What kind of job do you have?

 

Notice how convoluted the question in English is. In Globasa, the question is straight-forward because it works the same way as the statement. Notice how the answer (asan) below will fit in the exact same spot as kepul.

 

Mi hare asan ergo.

I have an easy job. 

 

Example 3:

 

Kepul uma abil na pawbu velosi?

What kind of horse can run fast?

Bala uma abil na pawbu velosi.

A strong horse can run fast.

Lesson Activity

Here are example sentences in Globasa:

Maria maxim juni of misu bete. 
Maria is the youngest of my children.

 

Piu kepul?
What is the bird like? or How is the bird?

Manixu wole kepul pantalun?
What kind of pants does the man want?

Create your own sentences using the example above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.

 

Lesson 15

New words in this lesson:

am - imperative particle

okur - happen, occur

plasi - put, place
side - sit, is/am/are sitting

cudu - take, get, obtain, acquire 

porta - carry, take
tem - about (regarding)
fe fronta de - in front of 

     fronta - forehead
fe ruke de - behind (in back of)

     ruke - back
fe kape de - on top of 

     kape - head
fe peda de - at the bottom of 

     peda - foot

fe comen de - beside, next to
     comen - side

sofa - sofa

dixan - floor

Notes

fe

The word fe is a multi-purpose preposition with a general, indefinite meaning. It's generally translated as at but can be used when no other preposition seems to be appropriate. 

Other prepositions besides fe, such as of (off, from), may be used with the phrasal prepositions above. 

of kape de - off/from the top of

of comen de - off/from the side of
of peda de - off/from the bottom of

am

The verb particle am is used to express commands. It is placed at the beginning of a verb phrase, just as other verb particles are (le, xa, na). 

For 2nd-person singular (yu) commands, the pronoun yu is typically omitted. 

 

Am no velosi loga. Am hanman loga.
Don't speak fast. Speak slow. 

For 2nd-person plural (uyu) commands, the pronoun uyu must always be used. 

Uyu am lala ton mi.
You all, sing with me.

 

With the first-person singular (imi) commands, imi must always be used.

 

Imi am oko filme.
Let's watch a movie.

Lesson Activity

Here are example sentences in Globasa:

Am plasi kursi fe ruke de sofa
Put the book behind the sofa.

Am cudu kitabu of (kape de) mesa.
Take the book off/from (the top of) the table.

Imi loga tem Turki.
We are talking about Turkey.
 

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.

Lesson 16

New words in this lesson:

eger - if

ger - would

blue - blue

bruno - brown

jalo - yellow

hwese - gray

kijawi - green

orange - orange

purpuro - purple

roso - red

sefide - white

syahe - black

mobil - car

bus - bus

navi - ship

hawnavi - airplane [haw- - aero-, from hawa - air]

tren - train

turi - travel

calyo - vehicle, travel

xaher - city, town

-ya - (suffix) abstract nouns

Notes

ger

The conditional mood (would) is expressed using the particle ger. The subordinate clause (if...) uses the dictionary form of the verb.

Mi ger turi cel Turki eger mi loga Turkisa.

I would travel to Turkey if I spoke Turkish.

turi vs. celyan

In Globasa, turi is used for the activity of traveling for enjoyment, whereas celyan expresses travel as in what vehicles and people do to get from one place to another. 

Blue mobil bono calyo.

The blue car runs well. 

 

Hawnavi calyo max velosi kom tren.

Airplanes travel faster than trains. 

Prepositions with turi and calyo:

turi cel Nipon or turi in Nipon - travel to Japan or travel in Japan

calyo in mobil - travel by car

-ya

The suffix -ya is used to turn adjectives, nouns and prepositions into a variety of different abstract nouns. Click here for a full description.

Notice the use of fe with the following prepositions turned into abstract nouns:

fe perya - on the surface

fe baxya - underneath

fe inya - inside, within

fe exya - outside, without

Lesson Activity

Here are example sentences in Globasa:

Kam yu ger kari purpuro mobil?

Would you buy a purple car?

Mi ger calyo in hawnavi eger mi turi cel Franse. 

I would travel by airplane if I were to travel to France. 
 

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.
 

Lesson 17

New words in this lesson:

hay - there is/are

barix - rain

taluji - snow

kwan - some (quantity of)

mer - several, a few

mara - time (occasion)

(fe) un mara - once (one time, on one occasion)

(fe) mer mara - sometimes

intre - between, among

fol - along, according to

wey - around 

supra - above, over

infra - below

tras - across

nere - nearby

nere fe - near, close to

teli - far, remote

teli fe - far from

-kan - (suffix) store

day- - (prefix) augmentative

dayli - greatly (very)

lil- - (prefix) diminutive

lilli - a little bit

Notes

hay

The word hay expresses there is/are, but is also used in reference to the environment where English uses it's

 

Hay barix.

It's raining. (There's rain.)

Hay taliju.

It's snowing. (There's snow.)

Hay garmeya.

It's warm. (There's warmth.)

Hay bardiya.
It's cold. (There's cold.)

-kan

The suffix -kan (dukan - store) is similar to -dom but is used when the building refers to a store. 

 

Fill in the blanks below:


shoe store: _______________

book store: _______________

restaurant: _______________

day- 

The prefix day- (dayo - big/large) is used to derive words that denote an increase in size, age, degree, quantity or loudness as compared with the root. 

Fill in the blanks below:
 

awesome, great, excellent: _______________

huge: _______________

tiny: _______________

yell: _______________
grandmother: _______________

dayli 

The word dayli is an adverb of degree meaning greatly or very. As we will see in more detail in a subsequent lesson, adjectives that modify other adjectives or adverbs must add -li

lil-

The prefix lil- (lile - little/small) is the opposite of day- and is used to derive words that denote a reduction in size, degree, quantity or loudness as compared with the root.

Fill in the blanks below:

whisper - _______________

lilli 

The word lilli is the opposite of daylian adverb of degree meaning a little. Like dayli, it is used to modify adjectives or other adverbs.

 

lilli hazuni - a little sad

Lesson Activity

Here are example sentences in Globasa:

Hay garmeya fe exya. 
It's warm outside.

Hay multi drevo fol nahir.

There are many trees along the river.
 

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.

Lesson 18

New words in this lesson:

ban - some, certain

bante - somebody

banto - something

mesage - message

posta - mail

eposta (short for eletroni posta) - email 

eskri - write

gibe - give

irsal - send

maydo - sell

jixi - know (information)

kone - know (be acquainted/familiar with)

fikir - think, thought

loga - say, tell (speak, talk)

ki - (conj) that

-wol - (suffix) wanting

Notes

ban

Be sure to distinguish between ban (a certain, some) and kwan (some small amount of).

Mi le yam ban maciso.

I ate a certain fish.

Mi le yam kwan maciso.

I ate some fish. 

Indirect Object

The indirect object is marked with the preposition cel (to, for). It is always obligatory, meaning that it should never be omitted. The indirect object may come right after the direct object or between the verb and the direct object.

Am gibe cel mi kamisa.

Give me the shirt.

Am gibe kursi cel mi. 

Give the chair to me. 
 

ki

The word ki is a conjunction meaning that, not to be confused with the determiner den (that, as opposed to this). It always introduces a clause (a sentence within a sentence). 

Mi fikir ki yusu eposta dayli lungo.

I think (that) your email is very long. 

In the sentence above, your email is very long is a clause, or a complete sentence within the larger sentence. Notice that in English the word that is optional. In Globasa, ki is obligatory, never optional.  

-wol 

The suffix -wol (wole - want) is used to turn a n/v word into an adj/adv word denoting wanting.

Fill in the blanks below:

hungry (meal-wanting): _______________

thirsty (water-wanting): _______________

sleepy (sleep-wanting): _______________

Lesson Activity

Here are example sentences in Globasa:

Nini le gibe sesu roti cel yamwol manixu. 

The child gave their bread to the hungry man.

 

Mi fikir ki misu myaw somnowol.

I think (that) my cat is sleepy. 
 

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.

Lesson 19

New words in this lesson:

watu - time

(fe) ke watu - when

(fe) moy watu - always

(fe) nil watu - never

haji - still

no haji - no longer, not anymore

uje - already

no uje - not yet

dur - during

durki - while

pinpan - often, frequent(ly)

nadir - seldom, rare(ly)

dina - day

nundina - today

ledina - yesterday

xadina - tomorrow

lefe - before, ago

xafe - after 

soba - morning

axam - evening

noce - night

total - entire, whole

nyan - year

Notes

nun 

The verb particle nun is used to express the present moment. It is typically omitted unless one wishes to emphasize that the activity is currently taking place. 

Past, present and future

The verb tense particles (nun, le, xa) may be turned into abstract nouns by adding -ya, which may be used in prepositional phrases with fe. 

fe nunya - in the present, now

fe leya - in the past, previously

fe xaya - in the future, afterwards, later

Now and Then

Although fe nunya is the most common way to express now, hin watu is also used. The expression hin watu, however, contrast with den watu (then, at that time). 

nun, le and xa as prefixes

The verb particles nun, le and xa are used as prefixes in a specific and limited number of words, primarily those that appear in this lesson.

lefe and xafe

The prepositions lefe (before) and xafe (after) are composed of the verb tense prefixes le and xa, plus the multi-purpose preposition fe. They can also be used to express ago and in (after some time). 

Misu gami le irsal cel yu eposta lefe tiga dina. 

My spouse sent you an email three days ago.

Yu abil xwexi Globasa xafe un nyan.

You can learn Globasa in one year. 

Days of the Week

The days of the week are expressed using dina and the numerals. In Globasa, the first day of the week is Monday (dina un). 

-li

As seen in Lesson 11, the suffix -li is used to turn nouns into adjectives with the meaning of or relating to. Similarly, -li is used to create compound phrases where English uses a root word or combines two nouns to create a compound word. In Globasa, it is not possible to join two nouns together to create compounds. The reason behind this rule has to do with the fact that in Globasa nouns and verbs have the same form. Combining two nouns in an attempt to create a compound could result in a confusing ambiguity for the reader or listener.  

 

sobali yam - breakfast ("morning meal") 

axamli yam - dinner ("evening meal")

Lesson Activity

Here are example sentences in Globasa:

Yu le turi cel Barate ke watu?

When did you travel to India? 

 

Mi xa koki axamli yam durki yu idi cel dukan. 

I will cook dinner while you go to the store. 
 

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.

Lesson 20

New words in this lesson:

kos - due to, because of, for 

koski - because

seba - reason

(fe) ke seba - why, for what reason

-kal - (suffix) -less

denli... kupul... - as... as... 

buka - open

klosi - close

haja - need 

​ewreka - find, discover

xoru - begin, start

fini - finish, end

swal - ask, question

jawabu - answer

dwer - door

janela - window

satu - hour, time

alo - other, different

sama - same

Notes

denli... kupul...

Nouns with equal features are compared using denli... kupul....

Hin filme denli lungo kupul den filme. 
This movie is as long as that movie.

-kal 

The suffix -kal (kali - empty) is the opposite of the suffix -pul.

 

Fill in the blanks below: 

poor: _______________

sama and alo

The words sama (same) and alo (different/other) are similar to ke, hin, den, ban, moy and nil in that they are typically attached to te/to rather than stand separately as other adjectives would.

samate - the same person

samato - the same thing

alote - somebody else (a different person)

aloto - something else (a different thing)

Compare with:

bono te, buru te ji colo te
the good (one), the bad (one) and the ugly (one)

Telling time

To tell time, Globasa uses the ordinal numbers which are derived by attaching the suffix -li to the cardinal numbers. Additionally, Globasa uses the word satu (hour) rather than watu (time). 

To is ke satu?

What time is it? 

To is satu sabe fe soba.

It is (hour) seven in the morning.

 

Informally, one can also use the cardinal numbers:

 

8:25 -  (satu) oco, duades lima
 

Lesson Activity

Here are example sentences in Globasa:

Yu le klosi janela ke seba?
Why did you close the window?

 

Mi le klosi janela koski hay bardiya fe exya. 

I closed the window because it's cold outside. 
 

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.

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