Globasa Course for Beginners: Lessons 1 - 10

Review Alphabet and Pronunciation before starting this course.

Lesson 1

New words in this lesson:

salom - hi, hello
weda - (good)bye
xanti - peace (hello, bye)
bwaw - dog(s) 

myaw - cat(s)
piu - bird(s)
uma - horse(s)
maci - fish

doste - friend(s)

nini - boy(s)/girl(s), kid(s)

sodar - brother(s)/sister(s), sibling(s)

matre - mother(s)

mama - mom(s)

patre - father(s)

papa - dad(s)



In Globasa, only a handful of words, such as matre and patre, indicate gender. Otherwise, words denoting people are gender-neutral. In a subsequent lesson, you will learn how to distinguish between males and females using gender adjectives as prefixes. 

No Plural Nouns

Globasa does not distinguish between singular and plural nouns. In a subsequent lesson, you will learn how to indicate plurality when necessary. 

doste means friend or friends


The word xanti means peace, but it can also be used to say hello or bye

Example Sentences

Salom, doste!
Hello, friend(s)!

Weda, uma!
Bye, horse(s)!

Reading Practice

Salom, bwaw! Weda, papa! Xanti, uma! Weda sodar! Xanti, doste! Salom, nini! Weda, matre! Salom, maci! Xanti, piu! Weda, myaw!

Lesson Activity

Create your own sentences using the examples above as sentence patterns and the reading practice as a model.

Lesson 2

New words in this lesson:

mi - I

bete - daughter(s)/son(s), child, children 

somno - sleep(s)

doxo - read(s)

danse - dance(s)

lala - sing(s)

yuxi - play(s)

ergo - work(s)

pawbu - run(s)

sampo - walk(s)

fley - fly/flies
suyon - swim(s)


No articles

Globasa has neither definite nor indefinite articles (the words a and the in English). In subsequent lessons, you will learn ways to make a distinction, when necessary, between definiteness and indefiniteness.

bwaw means doga dog or the dog

No conjugation

Globasa has no verb conjugation, meaning that verbs don’t change according to the subject (or doer) of the sentence. For example, in English, the verb work can be conjugated as 'I work hard' and 'she works hard.'


ergo means work and works

Dictionary Verb Form

The dictionary form of the verb is equivalent to the English simple present or the present progressive.

fley means fly, flies, am flying, is flying or are flying


Example Sentences

Maci suyon.
The fish swim(s). or The fish is/are swimming.

Mi doxo.
I read. or I am reading.


Reading Practice
Salom, doste! Mi ergo. Myaw somno. Bete doxo. Piu fley. Bwaw yuxi. Maci suyon. Mama lala. Patre danse. Uma pawbu. Sodar sampo. Xanti, nini.

Lesson Activity

Create your own sentences using the examples from this lesson and Lesson 1 as sentence patterns, as well as the reading practice in this lesson as a model.

Lesson 3

New words in this lesson:

yu - you

fe lutuf - please

xukra - thanks, gratitude
- eat(s)

roti - bread
risi - rice

supa - soup
salada - salad

jubin - cheese

pingo - apple

banana - banana

patato - potato

kitabu - book

hare - have, has


fe lutuf 

The word lutuf means favor and the word fe is a preposition with a general, indefinite meaning. The expression fe lutuf roughly means as a favor, similar to the expression in Spanish por favor

SVO Word Order 

The typical word order in Globasa is subject-verb-object, the same as in English.

Bwaw yam jubin.

The dog eats cheese.


In the sentence above, bwaw is the subject (who or what does the eating), yam is the verb (the action that the subject carries out) and jubin is the object (what or who gets eaten).   

Example Sentences

Roti, fe lutuf. Xukra.
Bread, please. Thank you.

Mi yam patato. 
I eat a potato.


Reading Practice

Xanti, sodar! Supa, fe lutuf. Xukra. Weda, sodar!

Salom, doste! Mi hare myaw. Yu hare bwaw. Nini hare piu. Papa hare maci. Myaw yam jubin. Maci yam salada. Mi yam risi. Piu yam pingo. Yu yam banana. Nini yam roti. Papa yam patato. Bwaw yam kitabu. Xanti, doste!

Lesson Activity

Create your own sentences using the examples in this and previous lessons as sentence patterns.  

Lesson 4

New words in this lesson:

kam - yes/no question particle

si - yes

no - no, not, do not, don't, does not, doesn't

aham - understand(s)

suki - like(s)

lubi - love(s) 

na - to (infinitive marker)
oko - see(s), look(s), watch(es)
ore - hear(s), listen(s) to

glu - drink(s)

filme - film, movie
musika - music

sui - water
kafe - coffee

cay - tea

jus - juice



The word kam is used to turn a statement into a yes/no question. It is used at the beginning of the question. The following example shows a statement and a question.

Nini oko filme.

The boy is watching a movie.

Kam nini oko filme?
Is the boy watching a movie?



The word no precedes the word being negated, such as the verb.

Myaw no glu cay.

Cats don't drink tea.

The infinitive

The infinitive verb form is marked using the particle na followed by the verb. It is always used between any two verbs.  

Kam yu suki na oko filme?
Do you like to watch movies?

Invariable Pronoun Form

Pronouns retain the same form regardless of the function they play in a sentence. In English, I/me, she/her, and he/him are pronouns that change form. In Globasa, mi means both I or me.

Mi lubi yu.

I love you.

Yu lubi mi.
You love me.

Example Sentences

Kam patre suki na yam salada?

Does the father like to eat salad?


Si, patre suki na yam salada.

Yes, the father likes to eat salad.


No, patre no suki na yam salada.

No, the father doesn't like to eat salad.

Reading Practice

Xanti, doste. Kafe, fe lutuf! Xukra, doste. Mi suki kafe!

Salom, mama. Cay, fe lutuf! Xukra, mama! Mi suki cay!

Papa: Salom, bete! Kam yu glu sui?
Bete: Xanti, papa. No, mi no suki sui. Mi suki na glu jus.
Papa: Kam yu yam roti?
Bete: Si, mi suki na yam roti.

Omar: Xanti, sodar! Kam yu ore musika?
Marta: Salom, sodar. No, mi no ore musika, mi oko filme. Kam yu doxo kitabu?
Omar: No, mi no doxo kitabu. Mi ore musika.

Doste: Kam yu aham lala?
Doste: Si, mi aham lala. Uma fley.

Mama: Kam yu lubi mi?
Papa: Si, mi lubi yu. 

Lesson Activity

Create your own dialogues using the example sentences in this and previous lessons.

Lesson 5

New words in this lesson:

ji - and

te - she, he (any life form or personified object)

ixu - adult

femixu - woman

manixu - man

hin - this

hinte - this one (any life form or personified object)

den - that

dente - that one (any life form or personified object)

bono - good
dayo - big, large
bala - strong
meli - beautiful, pretty

velosi - fast, quick

newe - new

juni - young

kox - happy, glad

safe - clean
lungo - long 

gao - tall, high




The demonstratives hin and den must always be followed by a noun or pronoun. They can never stand alone. The pronoun te is attached to the demonstratives: hinte/dente.

Hinte dayo.
This one is big. 


Since Globasa doesn't have articles (a/the), the words hin and den may be used to express definiteness when necessary.  


Hin piu dayo. 
This bird is big. or The bird is big. 



Adjectives precede the nouns they modify.

safe myaw - clean cat

newe kitabu - new book

lungo filme - long film


In Globasa, adjectives are also used as verbs, meaning that they do not require the verb is to connect them to the subject. These are known as stative verbs, a feature that is virtually universal across creole languages. 


Myaw safe.

The cat is clean.

Kitabu newe.
The book is new.

Filme lungo.

The film is long.

Male and Female

The adjectives fem (female) and man (male) may be used as prefixes to distinguish gender. Normally gender is not indicated, but if you need to distinguish gender here are some examples:

femnini means girl

mannini means boy


fembete means daughter

manbete means son

femuma means mare (female horse) 

manuma means stallion (male horse)

femdoste means female friend (may also be used to express girlfriend)

mandoste means male friend (may also be used to express boyfriend)



Globasa has many noun/verbs, words that can function as either noun or verb. The verbs introduced in lessons 2, 3 and 4 are actually noun/verbs. 

yam means meal or eat

oko means eye or see

ore means ear or hear

lala means song or sing

fley means flight or fly

Example Sentences

Juni femixu somno. 
The young woman is sleeping.


Sodar ore bono musika. 
The sibling listens to good music.


Hin lala meli.

This song is beautiful.

Den uma dayo ji bala. 
That horse is big and strong.


Reading Practice

Mi hare newe kitabu. Hin kitabu bono. Mi suki na doxo kitabu. Bwaw dayo ji bala. Hin bwaw hare bete. Juni bwaw yuxi ji pawbu. Te no safe. Mama no kox. Bete glu sui. Te somno. Mama kox. 

Yu hare lungo kitabu. Den kitabu no bono. Yu no suki na doxo den kitabu. Gao manixu hare uma. Uma velosi. Manixu hare femdoste. Doste juni ji meli. Manixu suki na oko filme. Femixu no suki filme. Femixu suki na lala ji danse. Manixu no suki musika. Femixu no lubi te.

Lesson Activity

Write a story using the example sentences in this and previous lessons.

Lesson 6

New words in this lesson:

​mas - but
to - it (objects only)

hinto - this (one/thing)

dento - that (one/thing)

le - past tense particle (-ed)

xa - future tense particle (will/shall)

in - in, inside of
ex - out, outside of
ogar - home

multi - many, much
xosu - few, little (a little bit)

xwexi - learn(s)

koki - cook(s)

kokidom - kitchen

banyo - bathe(s), bath

banyodom - bathroom

parke - park

hotel - hotel

banko - bank

eskol - school



Remember that hin and den never stand alone. They must always be followed by a noun or have te or to attached.

Dento safe.

That (thing) is clean.


Adverbs have the same form as adjectives. They typically precede the verbs they modify but may optionally follow the verb.

​​​Uma velosi pawbu. or Uma pawbu velosi.
The horse runs fast.

If the sentence has a direct object, the adverb may optionally follow it.

​​Matre multi lubi bete. or Matre lubi bete multi.

The mother loves the child a lot.

Be careful not to place the adverb between the verb and the direct object. A modifying word in that spot would function as an adjective modifying the direct object.

​​Matre lubi multi bete.

The mother loves many children.

Adverbs may also be moved to the start of the sentence, so long as a comma with a clear pause is utilized to separate the adverb from the rest of the sentence. Without this pause the adverb would be mistaken by an adjective modifying the subject. 

Velosi, uma pawbu.

Quickly, the horse runs. 

​Suffix -dom

The suffix -dom means a place for/with a specific purpose.

Fill in the blanks below:

library: _______________

dining room: _______________

swimming pool: _______________

bedroom: _______________

​Past Tense

The particle le marks the past tense. It is used at the beginning of a verb phrase, preceding any adverbs.

​​Femixu le kox ore musika.

The woman happily listened to the music. 

​​Future Tense

The particle xa marks the future tense. It is used at the beginning of a verb phrase, preceding any adverbs.

​​Myaw xa velosi glu sui.
The cat will quickly drink the water.

Example Sentences

Nini le no multi yam. 

The kid didn't eat much.

Bwaw yuxi in parke.
The dog plays in the park.


Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.

Lesson 7

New words in this lesson:

imi - we
uyu - you (pl.)
ete - they (animate)
oto - they (inanimate)

ke - which

kete - who

keto - what

idi - go

ata - come

cel - to
alim - teach/teaching

alimyen - teacher

medici - medicine/medicate

mediciyen - physician
medicidom - clinic

polisi - police

polisiyen - police officer



Questions have the same word order as statements.

Mediciyen yam keto?
“The doctor eats what?”

What does the doctor eat?

​Suffix -yen

The suffix -yen denotes any life form or personified object. It may be attached to either noun/verb words or adj/adv words. 

With noun/verb words

alim (teach) - alimyen (teacher)

polisi (police) - polisiyen (police officer)

With adj/adv words

juni (young) - juniyen (a young being/person, a youth)
bala (strong) - balayen (a strong being/person)

The words man and woman can also be expressed as manyen and femyen. Technically, manyen means any male (whether boy or man) and femyen means any female (whether girl, lady or woman). However, since we would typically use nini for an underage human, manyen and femyen may be used not only when one is not sure of the person's age, but when we're referring to an adult. 

Example Sentences

Alimyen idi cel eskol.
The teacher goes to the school.

Polisiyen hare keto?
What does the police officer have?

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.

Lesson 8

New words in this lesson:

de - of (belonging to)

loka - location

keloka - where 

hinloka - here

denloka - there

is - be, is, am, are
fe - at (place or time)

feya - be at

per - on

perya - be on

bax - under, below, beneath

baxya - be under(neath), be below, be beneath

ton  - (together) with 

tonya - be (together) with

inya - be inside (of)
exya - be outside (of) 
mesa - table
bistar - bed

kursi - chair
drevo  - tree
jabal - mountain

bahari - sea
nahir - river


​Expressing Possession

Nouns express possession using the preposition de (of). Note that de only denotes possession, while in English the word of has many uses. In subsequent lessons, you will learn other words that translate as of in English. 

​​kitabu de nini - the kid’s book


The preposition ton only means together with. It is never used to express with in the sense of by means of

To Be or Not to Be

The word is has the sole function of connecting the subject with a noun/verb phrase. As seen in Lesson 5, adjectives function as verbs without the need for the linking verb be. Study the following example sentences closely.

Sentence 1:

Hin manyen is alimyen.

This man is a teacher. 

Compare with Sentence 2:

Hin manyen bono

This man is good.

Now compare with Sentence 3:

Hin manyen is bono alimyen.

This man is a good teacher.

In sentence 3, bono is an adjective describing alimyen, and is links manyen to alimyen, just as in Sentence 1. In Sentence 2, on the other hand, bono functions as the verb (meaning is good), as seen in Lesson 5 (stative verbs).


Prepositional Verbs

In Globasa, prepositions are turned into verbs using the suffix -ya in order to link subjects with prepositional phrases. ​

Myaw inya kokidom.
The cat is in the kitchen.

Prepositional verbs may or may not be followed by a noun phrase.

Myaw inya.
The cat is inside. 



The prepositional verb feya (be at) is used to link the question words keloka (where) and kewatu (when) to the subject.

Myaw feya keloka?
"Cat is-at what-place?"
Where is the cat?

Example Sentences

Eskol feya keloka?

"School is-at what-place?"
Where is the school?

Piu perya drevo.

The bird is on the tree.

Femyen is mediciyen.
The woman is doctor.

Bwaw de polisiyen dayo. 

The police officer's dog is big.

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.

Lesson 9

New words in this lesson:

-su - possessive suffix applied to pronouns

se - reflexive pronoun 
- more (followed by a noun/verb)

maxmo - more (followed by an adj/adv)  

min - less/fewer (followed by a noun/verb)

minmo - less (followed by an adj/adv)

kom - than

buru - bad
lile - little, small
colo - ugly

hanman - slow

lama - old (opposite of new)

lawo - old (opposite of young)

hazuni - sad
kotor - dirty

kurto - short/brief (opposite of long)
cote - short/low (opposite of tall/high)

gami - spouse (husband/wife)



Comparison of number, amount or degree of noun/verb words is expressed as follows:

max... kom... - more... than...
min... kom... - less/fewer... than...

Polisiyen hare max bete kom musikayen.
The police officer has more children than the musician.  

Alimyen yam min roti kom mediciyen. 
The teacher eats less bread than the physician.  

Misu gami max doxo kom mi. or Misu gami doxo max kom mi.  

My spouse reads more than I.

Comparative adjective/adverbs are expressed as follows: 

maxmo... kom... - more... than...
minmo... kom... - less... than... 

maxmo meli kom... - more beautiful than...

minmo kotor kom... - less dirty than... 


The reflexive pronoun se is used as follows:

Manixu banyo se.

The man is bathing himself. or The man is taking a bath.

In Globasa, se may be used reflexively with any pronoun.

Kam yu lubi se. or Kam yu lubi yu?
Do you love yourself?

Possessive Adjectives

Globasa turns pronouns into possessive adjectives by adding the suffix -su.  


misu - my

yusu - your
tesu - her/his
tosu - its

sesu - her/his/its own
imisu - our

uyusu - your
etesu - their

otosu - their

Example Sentences

Bwaw min somno kom myaw.
The dog sleeps less than the cat.

Hin drevo maxmo lawo kom den drevo.

This tree is older than that tree.

Misu doste suyon in bahari.

My friend swims in the sea.

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.

Lesson 10

New words in this lesson:

numer - number

kenumer (te/to) - how many (what number of)

moy - every

moyte - everybody

moyto - everything

moyloka - everywhere

nil - zero, no-

nilte - nobody

nilto - nothing

nilloka - nowhere

un - one

dua - two

tiga - three

care - four

lima - five

sisa - six

sabe - seven

oco - eight

nue - nine

des - ten

plu - multiple (any number more than one)


Noun Phrase Word Order

As seen in previous lessons, word order in Globasa is rather strict. Word order in noun phrases is as follows:

demonstratives (hin/den) -- possessive adj (misu, etc.) -- number -- adjective -- (pro)noun


hin tesu care lama kitabu
"these her four old books"
these four old books of hers

Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns are formed by adding te or to to possessive adjectives:

misu te/to - mine

yusu te/to - yours


Noun Phrases ending in te/to

The third-person pronouns (te/to as well as ete/oto when appropriate) are used at the end of noun phrases when the noun is understood. We've already seen that the determiners (hin/den) cannot stand alone, and must end in te/to when the noun is not expressed. Likewise, possessive pronouns (as seen above), as well as adjectives and numbers (as well as the word kenumer) in noun phrases must add te/to when the noun is not expressed.


Un manixu somno ji dua te yam.  

One man is sleeping and two are eating. 

bono te, buru te ji colo te
the good (one), the bad (one) and the ugly (one)

Mi hare multi kalamu. Yu wole kenumer to?
I have a lot of pens. How many do you want?

The word un may be used to express singularity and indefiniteness when necessary.

un kitabu
one book or a book


The word plu maybe used to express plurality when necessary.

plu pingo

(multiple) apples or the apples

Example Sentences

Tiga meli piu lala. 

Three beautiful birds are singing.

Den misu doste kox. 

That friend of mine is happy.

Yu hare kenumer sodar?
"You have how many siblings?"

How many siblings do you have?

Moyte danse.

Everybody is dancing.

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.


To the extent possible under law, has waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to this work.

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