Correlatives

 

Dependent Correlatives

The correlatives words ke, hin, den, ban, moy, nil, alo and sama must always be followed by a noun (whether modified with adjectives or not) or by a pronoun
They should never stand alone since by omitting the (pro)noun the correlative could potentially be mistaken to refer to the noun/verb that follows it.

Hinto bono nasacu.
This (thing) smells good.

vs.

Hin bono nasacu... memorigi mi cel misu femdoste. 
This good smell... reminds me of my girlfriend.  

Optional Prepositions

The prepositions fe and har are typically left out for their corresponding question words and their correlative counterparts. 

where: (fe) ke loka - "(at) which location" 
when: (fe) ke watu - "(at) which time" 
why: (har/fe) ke seba - "(with/for) which reason"
how: (har/fe) ke maner - "(with/by) which manner"

Subordinate Correlatives
 

The correlative particle (ku) and all its derivates (kuto, kute, kusu, kuli, kupul, etc.) are used to introduce subordinate clauses. 

The following are examples of relative pronoun use. It is worth noting that the direct object marker el may be omitted when the relative pronoun refers to the direct object of the relative clause.

Manix kute le kari hin yamkan pesapul.

The man who bought this restaurant is rich. 

Te is femixu kute lubi mi. 

She is the woman who loves me.

 

Te is femixu (el) kute mi lubi.

She is the woman that I love.

Mi jixi kute lubi yu. 
I know who loves you.

 

Mi jixi (el) kute yu lubi.

I know whom you love.

Mi suki (el) kuto yu hare.

I like what you have.

The following are examples with other subordinate clauses:

Mi jixi ku loka te ogar.

I know where he lives.

Mi jixi ku watu yu le preata.

I know when you arrived.

Mi jixi ku seba yu le no idi.
I know why you didn't go.

Mi no abil lala kupul yu.
I can't sing like you.

Manixu kusu gami loga Globasa is misu doste.  
The man whose spouse speaks Globasa is my friend. 

Truncated Correlatives

The truncated words kwan and mer have a somewhat narrower meaning than their "parent" correlatives.

kwan - some small amount of

vs.
ban kwanti (di) - a certain, unspecified, amount of

mer - a few, several (a small number of)

vs.

ban numer (di) - a certain, unspecified, number of

cc0-88x31.png

To the extent possible under law, Globasa.net has waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to this work.

  • Facebook